Efficient output for existing heat engines is 35...45%.
That is a limit is for traditional technologies.

Are there any possibilities available today to maximize efficiency?

Yes. There are.

Anatoliy Rakhmailov

«Quanttor technology enables increasing efficiency of the fuel chemical energy conversion. High efficiency is achieved via quantum-chemical conversion of initial fuel to hydrogen and carbon monoxide».

How much energy is spent daily to obtain fuel?


Этанол из кукурузы

Битуминозные пески

Этанол из сахарного тростника

Горючие сланцы *


Поиск нефтяных месторождений

Природный газ, 2005 г.

Импорт нефти, 2007 г.

Нефть и газ, 2005 г.

Импорт нефти, 2005 г.


Производство нефти

Нефть и газ, 1970 г.

Импорт нефти, 1990 г.


* EROI горючих сланцев (35…40% керогена), за счет подземной конверсии по технологии Кванттор, можно поднять до 25…30 единиц.

  • 80.0Coal mining
  • 35.0Oil, import volume in 1990
  • 30.0Oil & gas, extraction volume in 1970
  • 20.0Oil production
  • 18.0Wind
  • 18.0Oil, import, volume in 2005
  • 14.0Oil & gas, extraction volume in 2005
  • 12.0Oil, import volume in 2007
  • 10.0Natural gas, extraction volume in 2005
  • 6.8Photoelectricity
  • 5.0Oil shale*
  • 5.0Sugar-cane ethanol
  • 3.0Bituminous sands
  • 1.3Corn ethanol
  • 1.3Biodiesel fuel
energy gained

If for some resources the EROEI index is less or equals to 1, such a resource then becomes “energy devourer” and can’t be used as a primary energy source.

* EROI index for oil shale (35...40% kerogene) may be increased for 25...30 units due underground conversion based on Quanttor technology.

“Developed, tested, implemented”... as in nature.

Tornado is a like a heat engine where heat energy contained in natural air is converted into kinetic energy of air.

Vortex is the basic operating mechanism of Quanttor technology.

Anatoliy Rakhmailov.
Briefly on Quanttor technology (video in Russian, w/o translation)

Phenomenal properties

Direct conversion of chemical energy into kinetic energy. Efficient output — up to 70%

The lowest CO, CH & NOx emission levels — up to 2 ppm-almost complete absence of carbon char.

Efficiently utilizes fuel- with any BTU content.

“Gas turbine combustion engine
developed by Anatoliy Rakhmailov
opens up a new era for
efficient and eco-friendly engines.”

Peter Jenkins

Honorary Professor, Chair, Mechanical Engineering Department, Denver University, Colorado, US.

Quanttor Reactor

Simple, reliable, technology-savvy.

V. I. Vernadsky

«Scientific history proves that [innovative] individuals had been more correct in their assertions that entire corporations of scientists or hundreds and thousands of orthodox researchers.»

Quanttor reactor is a conversion appliance of hydrocarbon fuel to hydrogen and carbon monoxide.

Quanttor reactor is an appliance for converting chemical energy of hydrocarbon fuel directly into kinetic energy resulting from chemical reactions of fuel with an oxidizing agent.

Prospective scopes of application


Conversion of any hydrocarbon fuel to hydrogen and carbon monoxide with utilization of that «novel fuel» in reciprocator’s combustion chamber provides: improvement of dynamics, economics, and environmental pattern of transportation facilities.

The major weakness of hydrocarbon fuel is its low typical combustion rate manifesting itself as misfire of fuel compound within ICE combustion chamber. It is explained by its unstable spontaneous ignition — especially in those modes characteristic of low revolution rates and low loads. This weakness could be easily remedied by using hydrogen as ICE fuel, due to its unique physical and chemical properties.

Another aspect of quantum-chemical method -interesting from the point of view of both, research and practice. Quantum-chemical initial fuel conversion technology uses a unique opportunity-not only a recovery of heat, but also of chemical component of combustion gas energy- as long as gas contains incomplete combustion products (CO, CH etc.). Chemical energy is used to increase activity and efficiency of initial fuel conversion process.

Converting automotive fuel to hydrogen

Enables transition to isothermal expansion of fuel conversion products in turbines of gas-turbine engines with secure maintenance of working medium temperature. Doubles the capacity of GTE without write up, increases efficiency up to 25…30 relative percent, lowers NOX & CO emissions to 2 ppm, and practically excludes carbon char in combustion gas. Absence of carbon char in combustion gas makes that gas jet almost invisible in optical band or IR band.

Preliminary conversion of hydrocarbon fuel to H2 and CO within Quanttor reactor provides new opportunities for supersonic engines. Aircrafts in XXI century fly with hypersonic speed. It is achievable by specific engine design. There are no rotating parts in hypersonic propulsive jet; and the aircraft fitted with such an engine is capable of covering a distance of hundred kilometers in few seconds as well as going into a space-flight mode. Hypersonic propulsive jets allow for three categories of hypersonic aircrafts: winged missiles, airplanes (e.g. fighter planes and strategic bombers), and space vehicles able to lift-off and land-on as regular line aircrafts.

Combined propulsive jet for space-aircrafts

Develops multi-fuel energy units -power stationary or mobile platforms -producing hydrocarbon at offshore rigs at extremely low ambient air temperatures. The functioning platform’s energy unit always obtains «novel fuel» with stable composition and quality regardless of configuration and temperature of hydrocarbon crude submitted to Quanttor reactor directly from oil & gas well.

Quanttor technology application enabled arrangement of reliable and cost-effective power supply for oil-gas fields. High efficient output and low operational costs of Quanttor reactor provide for significant decrease in energy consumption for oil & gas extraction process.

A significant advantage of Quanttor reactor is its ability to utilize untreated associated petroleum gas with variable composition, calorie power values, and hydrogen sulfide content up to 5%. Structural features of reactor and application of special anti-corrosive materials enables conversion of associated gas directly without preliminary gas purification. It enables cutting costs for constructing a complicated gas purification system and its further operation, while decreasing two or three times the costs of servicing the system.

Obtaining «novel fuel» from associated petroleum gas

For thermal power plants that currently utilize coal — Quanttor technology provides for mandatory quantum-chemical conversion of any fuel to hydrogen and carbon monoxide in the process of converting chemical energy of fuel to heat energy. Experiments with Quanttor reactor confirmed the possibility of improving economics and environmental pattern of energy units of virtually any capacity.

According to data provided by Energy Economy Research Institute of UES of Russia, share of natural gas in energy production in Russia in 2006 corresponded to 51%, and coal was 18%. Meanwhile, USA produce 52% of energy based on coal, Germany — 54%, China — 72%, and Poland — 94%. With the depletion of main oil-gas fields — consumption structure will inevitably change towards increase of coal fuel consumption.

However, coal energy engineering is closely related to pressing and virtually insoluble environmental problems; besides, human losses are often associated with coal extraction and transportation processes. Problems emerge at coal extraction sites because coal is lifted from the depth to the surface. Where coal is burnt- problems are even greater. Can we avoid the above disasters of coal energy engineering? We can — by means of preliminary coal conversion including underground conversion using QUANTTOR technology.

Coal-steam plant based on Quanttor technology

Quanttor technology enables viewing fires and explosions (mainly referred to lean air-fuel mixtures that are now traditionally considered fire- and burst proof) in quite a different way. Quanttor reactors may be used as inert gas generators. They can operate using low-calorie fuel containing large amount of carbon dioxide and water vapors.

Coal-pit explosions most often occur due to combustion of methane that escapes into a mine opening during coal extraction. As a rule, methane concentration inside the coal-pit is thoroughly controlled. Special sensors are implemented that send a signal whenever the concentration exceeds prescriptive level of 2%. However, spontaneous gas emissions still occur, and in such a case, a small sparkle is quite enough for the combustion that provokes detonation. Yet, the detonation process researchers work with much approximation. Until now, no one took a risk to emulate methane-air mixture combustion and transition of burning into detonation reconstruction real pit conditions.

One of detonative explosion prevention methods is desensitization of methane-air mixtures. Under heated conditions, phlegmatizing properties of vapor-gas mixture within Quanttor reactor is far more efficient than liquefied nitrogen and carbon dioxide used for the same purposes.

Inert gas production technology for fire extinguishing purposes

Chemical agents mixing technology provides for significant reduction of time to mix chemical agents in gas lasers. It enables improvement of laser specifications — e.g. increasing their specific capacitance while decreasing cost of production.

Development of laser weapons-in missile & air defense — is facing numerous challenges. Tests carried out for prototypes of such weapons confirm insufficient reliability of optical systems. For major part of such projects, it’s optical systems’ stability that continues to be a weak spot. During laser operation part of energy is inevitably released at the lenses in a form of heat. The mightier is the strength of the beam, the more destructive it is to mirrors and lenses. It results in quick overheating which destroys the optics.

Cooling system for Quanttor reactor is adaptable for heavy-duty gas laser applications. Implementation of the system guarantees that under actual operating conditions laser will not «roast» itself. Cooling system offered is pace effective and ultra-reliable.

Implementation of proprietary chemical agents mixing system for gas lasers enables elimination of another bottleneck in the way of expanding capacities of gas lasers — chemical agents mixing with the use of nozzle-bucket system.

Military air-deployed gas lasers

Obtain heat and kinetic energy from low-calorie fuel (content of methane in fuel — 10%, CO2 — 60%, water vapors — 30%), such as landfill gas. A pit filled with household waste is covered with «roofing» — clay, film, or soil layer.

The pit is fitted with engineering facilities for leadaway of liquid and gaseous waste decomposition products and pumping equipment is installed. Extracted gas is transferred via pipelines to power stations to turbine generators, to boiler-houses, to furnaces, etc.

In the first 2…3 months of installation-CO2 and H2 are released from the closed pit filled with household waste. Then the adequate landfill gas starts to emerge, and continues to do so for 3…50 years. After 25 years of dump exploitation methane output starts to gradually decrease. Conversion of land fills gas (methane) helps decrease greenhouse effect up to 8…10 times. However, when using landfill gas as the fuel source-one faces some difficulties that are virtually unsurpassable for currently operating combustion chambers, furnaces, and burners. It explained by a high content of CO2 (over 30%), flame propagation rate, as well as its stability that is decreased, and range of regulation that is narrowed. Quanttor defines the methane conversion process specifications at various degrees of LFG neutralizing carbon dioxide and water vapors. QUANTTOR reactor helps eliminate adverse effects of utilization-i.e. provides neutralized, low-calorie LFG (Q=1500…2000 kcal/ncbm).

Producing electric and heat energy from LFG

Business Contacts History

Longstanding cooperation with highly skilled specialists from various world-level companies enabled significant improvement of the patented chemical energy conversion technology.